Region: Western Asia
Coordinates: 32°00’N, 53°00’E
Area: Ranked 17
- Total: 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi)
- Land: 99.27%
- Water: 0.73%
Climate: Most regions: long, hot summers; short, sharp winters. Marked contrasts in northwest, east and central desert regions.
Population: Ranked 18
- Total: More than 81 million(2018)
- Urban Pop: 75%
Government: A theocracy with a Supreme Leader, an Assembly of (Theological) Experts, a Council of Guardians and elected Parliament and President.
Religion: Predominantly Shi’a Muslims, with some Sunnis; also Zoroastrians, Christians, and Jews.
Language: Farsi (an Indo-Aryan language) alongside dialects of Turkish, Arabic and Kurdish.
Alphabet: Based on the Arabic script, reading from right to left.
Currency: Rial IRR; for up-to-date rates, go to https://www.xe.com/
International telephone code: +98
Time: GMT +3.5
Electricity: 220 volts, 50Hz