Continent: Asia

Region: Western Asia

Coordinates: 32°00’N, 53°00’E

Area: Ranked 17

  • Total: 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi)
  • Land: 99.27%
  • Water: 0.73%

Climate: Most regions: long, hot summers; short, sharp winters. Marked contrasts in northwest, east and central desert regions.

Population: Ranked 18

  • Total: More than 81 million(2018)
  • Urban Pop: 75%

Capital: Tehran

Government: A theocracy with a Supreme Leader, an Assembly of (Theological) Experts, a Council of Guardians and elected Parliament and President.

Religion: Predominantly Shi’a Muslims, with some Sunnis; also Zoroastrians, Christians, and Jews.

Language: Farsi (an Indo-Aryan language) alongside dialects of Turkish, Arabic and Kurdish.

Alphabet: Based on the Arabic script, reading from right to left.

Currency: Rial IRR; for up-to-date rates, go to

International telephone code: +98

Time: GMT +3.5

Electricity: 220 volts, 50Hz